Created 23-Dec-09
Modified 22-Feb-10
Visitors 379
94 photos
Tulum) is the site of a Pre-Columbian Maya walled city serving as a major port for Cobá.[1] The ruins are located on 12-meter (39 ft) cliffs, along the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.

The Maya site may have been formerly also known by the name Zama, meaning city of Dawn. Tulúm is also the Yucatec Mayan word for fence or wall[1] (or trench), and the walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to serve as a defense against invasion. From the numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending god.

Tulum was protected on one side by steep sea cliffs and on the landward side by a wall that averaged about three to 5 meters (16 ft) in height. The wall also was about 8 m (26 ft) thick and 400 m (1,300 ft) long on the side parallel to the sea. The part of the wall that ran the width of the site was slightly shorter and only about 170 meters (560 ft) on both sides. This massive wall would have taken an enormous amount of energy and time, which shows how important defense was to the Maya when they constructed the site here.

On the southwest and northwest corners there are small structures that have been identified as watch towers, showing again how well defended the city would have been. There are five narrow gateways in the wall with two each on the north and south sides and one on the west. Near the northern side of the wall a small cenote would have provided the city with fresh water. It is this impressive wall that makes Tulum one the most well-known fortified sites of the Maya.

Categories & Keywords
Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:North America
Subcategory Detail:Mexico
Keywords:Mexico, Tulum

Gearing up for our day at Tulum's Ruins

Gearing up for our day at Tulum's Ruins

Diane and her Camera Gear

Diane and her Camera Gear

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Lapis Jewelry Center - Tulum

Mayan Warrior

Mayan Warrior

Mayan products for sale

Mayan products for sale

Our Guide, Manuel

Our Guide, Manuel